2004, PhD in Geomatic Engineering

University of Coimbra

Dissertation: “Fuzzy Geographical Entities – Methods for Construction and Processing

Supervisor: Weldon A. Lodwick, University of Colorado at Denver – USA

Co-supervisor: Artur S. Alves, University of Coimbra - Portugal


1993, Provas Públicas de Capacidade Científica e Aptidão Pedagógica (MSc. equivalent) in Geomatic Engineering

University of Coimbra

Thesis: “Controlo of Deformations – Instrumentation and Methodology”

Thesis Advisor: Walter Rumpf, Fachhochschule Frankfurt - Germany

Class: “Least Squares Adjustment of Observations”


1988, Graduation in Geomatic Engineering (a full 5 years course)

University of Coimbra