Philosophy of Science

Year
0
Academic year
2018-2019
Code
01013368
Subject Area
Philosophy
Language of Instruction
Portuguese
Mode of Delivery
Face-to-face
Duration
SEMESTRIAL
ECTS Credits
6.0
Type
Elective
Level
1st Cycle Studies

Recommended Prerequisites

NA

Teaching Methods

The starting point for teaching and learning in this course are lectures on the main topics, followed by practical classes where the issues are discussed based on texts previously assigned for that purpose.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the semester, students should be able to form a clear idea of the epistemic subject, of the nature of scientific knowledge and how it differs from other types of knowledge, taking into account some of the major twentieth century epistemological currents; understand how a scientific discipline is organized and what interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity mean in scientific work. Students should also be able to understand the kind of values mobilized in scientific activity.

Work Placement(s)

No

Syllabus

1. Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Introductory notions.

2. The epistemic subject

3. The status of scientific knowledge in its relationship with other forms of knowledge.

4. Forms of validation of scientific knowledge.

5. Rationality, Objectivity and Truth of scientific knowledge.

6. Specialization, "disciplinarity", "interdisciplinarity" and "transdisciplinarity" in scientific knowledge.

7. Science and values.

Head Lecturer(s)

João Maria Bernardo Ascenso André

Assessment Methods

Assessment
Synthesis work: 20.0%
Mini Tests: 30.0%
Research work: 50.0%

Bibliography

CHALMERS, A. — Qué es esa cosa llamada ciencia? Trad. de E. Pérez Sedeño e P. López Mañez. Buenos Aires, Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 2005.

ECHEVERRÍA, Javier — Introdução à Metodologia da Ciência. A Filosofia da Ciência no Século XX. Trad. de M. S. Pereira. Coimbra, Almedina, 2003.

ECHEVERRÍA, J. — Ciencia y valores. Barcelona, Ediciones Destino, 2002.

FOUREZ, G. - A construção das ciências. Trad. de João Duarte. Lisboa, Instituto Piaget, 2008.

KUHN, Th. S. - A estrutura das revoluções científicas. Trad. de Carlos Marques. Lisboa, Guerra e Paz, 2009.

OLIVÉ, Léon — Racionalidad, objetividad, verdad.” In: Léon Olivé (Ed.) — Racionalidad Epistémica. Madrid, Trotta, 1995, 91-121.

POMBO, O., Guimarães, H. M. e Levy, T. (Org.) — Interdisciplinaridade. Antologia. Porto, Campo das Letras, 2006.

POPPER, Karl — O mito do contexto. Em defesa da ciência e da racionalidade. Trad. de P. Taipas. Lisboa, Edições 70, 1999, pp. 67-113.

SOLER, L. — Introduction à l’l’Épistémologie. Paris, Ellipses, 2000.