European Political Philosophy

Academic year
Subject Area
Área Científica do Menor
Language of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
1st Cycle Studies

Recommended Prerequisites


Teaching Methods

Lectures. Reading of recomended bibliography. The evaluation will be either final or mixed. The final evaluation will be by final exame. The mixed evaluation includes the final exam and writing a paper. Student’s performance during the lectures will be taken into account.

Learning Outcomes

The curricular unit aims to familiarize students with basic features of philosophical thought in the field of politics, both in an historical and thematic perspective.

Work Placement(s)



Part I: The emergence of Greek political philosophy

1. The relationship between politics and philosophy: Plato.

2. The relationship between ethics and politics: Aristotle.


Part II: Ethics and politics in modernity

1. Machiavelli’s anthropological pessimism

2. Sovereignty, representation and covenant: Thomas Hobbes

3. Property, contract and freedom: John Locke

4. Popular sovereignty and the general will: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

5. The goal of overcoming the state of nature and the peace: Immanuel Kant


Part III: Ethics and politics in contemporary

1. State and Society: Hegel and Karl Marx

2. The concept of the political: Carl Schmitt

3. Politics and Life: Michel Foucault.

Head Lecturer(s)

Edmundo Manuel Porém Balsemão Pires

Assessment Methods

Final evaluation
Exam: 50.0%
Research work: 50.0%

Final evaluation
Exam: 100.0%


Aristóteles, Política, Lisboa, Vega, 1998.

Esposito, Roberto, Bios, Lisboa, ed. 70, 2010.

Foucault, Michel, "É preciso defender a sociedade", Lisboa, Livros do Brasil, 2006.

Foucault, Michel, História da Sexualidade, I, Lisboa, Relógio d'Água.

Hegel, Fenomenologia do Espírito, Petrópolis, Vozes, 1996.

Hobbes, Thomas, Leviatã, Lisboa, INCM, 1995.

Kant, Immanuel, A paz perpétua e outros opúsculos, Lisboa, ed.70, 1992.

Locke, John, Segundo Tratado sobre o Governo, Lisboa, Gulbenkian, 2007.

Maquiavel, O Príncipe, Lisboa, Círculo de Leitores, 2008.

Marx, Karl, Manifesto do Partido Comunista, Lisboa, Avante, 1975.

Montesquieu, O Espírito das Leis, Lisboa, Ed.70, 2011.

Platão, República, Lisboa, Gulbenkian, 1990.

Rousseau, Do Contrato Social. Paris, Flammarion, 1993.

Schmitt, Carl, O Conceito do Político, Petrópolis, Vozes, 1992.

Strauss, Leo; Cropsey, Joseph (ed.), History of Political Philosophy, Chicago  e London, The University of Chicago Press, 1987