History of Ancient Rome

Academic year
Subject Area
Área Científica do Menor
Language of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
1st Cycle Studies

Recommended Prerequisites


Teaching Methods

Theoretical-practical classes using exposure and debate of the class themes.

Learning Outcomes

Students are expected to develop an understanding of the History of Rome assuming archaeology as a subject which stimulates the discussion around the questions involving the processes of construction of an Empire. Going through mythology and putting it into perspective with the archaeological data, students will trace a path from a structure of villages which found in the Etruscan presence the construction of the characteristic equipment of a city until the evolution of the imperial space to its own identity spaces.

Articulating Political, Social and Economic History with archaeological data, students are encouraged to find the discussion a way of writing the History of Rome and understanding the diversity found in this large empire.

Work Placement(s)



1. The Founding of the city of Rome: Myth and Reality

2. From the "city" of Romulus to the Etruscan city

2.1 Latin monarchy

2.1.1 Government and society

2.1.2 Patricians and commonalties

2.2 Etruscan monarchy

2.2.1 The foundation of the city: The public and social facilities The reform of Servius Tullius

3. The republican government

3.1 Archaeology of a society under construction

3.1.1 Government and society: Reforms and constructions

3.1.2 Territorial advances and conquests

4. The Punic Wars

5. The period of the triumvirates

5.1 Caesar and the Iberian Peninsula: Epigraphy, texts and archaeology

6. From the Battle of Actium to Augustus: The roman world in convulsion

7. High and Low Empire: Archaeology of an Empire: the Polisization of the world.

8. Dynasty, fights for power and archaeological profiles

Head Lecturer(s)

Maria da Conceição Lopes

Assessment Methods

Continuous assessment
Synthesis work: 50.0%
Other: 50.0%


M. Christol et D. Nony, Rome et son Empire, Hachette, 8e éd., 1995.

Yves Perrin, Th. Bauzou, De la cité à l’Empire : histoire de Rome, Ellipses, 1997.

Le Gall J. et Le Glay M., L’empire romain, 1, Le Haut-Empire, P.U.F., Paris, 2e édit., 1992, 673 p.

Nicolet Cl., Rome et la conquête du monde méditerranéen, II, Genèse d’un empire, P.U.F., Paris, 3e édit., 1991, p. 473-940.

Jacques F. et Scheid J., Rome et l’intégration de l’empire, I, Les structures de l’empire, P.U.F., Paris, 1990, 412 p.

ALARCÃO, J. de (1988a) - Roman Portugal. Vol. 2:1, Warminster: Aris & Phillips.

ALARCÃO, J. de (1996) - O primeiro milénio a. C. In De Ulisses a Viriato: o primeiro milénio a.C. Lisboa:

Ministério da Cultura, Instituto Português de Museus, Museu Nacional de Arqueologia, p. 15-30.

ALARCÃO, J. de; IMPERIAL, F. (1996) - Sobre a localização dos Lacienses e Tapori. In MACIEL, M. J., ed. - Miscellanea em homenagem ao Professor Bairrão Oleiro. Lisboa: Colibri, p. 39- 44.