General Hydraulics I, General Hydraulics II, Numerical Methods, Hydrology and Water Resources
Detailed theoretical exposition of the contents, followed by demonstration and application, preferably (if possible) in laboratory, or accompanying case studies.
This discipline intendeds to address issues of inter- and multidisciplinary, providing systematic and comprehensive information and suggesting the use of several useful tools for the study of potential events and interventions in river and coastal areas. Accordingly, bearing in mind the context in which this discipline is inserted, namely that of being a discipline of 2nd cycle, the following objectives are highlighted: i) to deepen the theoretical knowledge, whose foundations were acquired in previous disciplines, ii) contribute to solve practical dysfunctions of natural or anthropogenic origin, and iii) sensitize students to:
- installation and maintenance of effective systems of river regularization and flood protection;
- the need for regular and effective monitoring of morphodynamic processes and of key parameters of water quality;
- importance of installing surveillance, monitoring and alerting;
- the need of analyze and control the main agents unbalancing of the shoreline.
. The river system
Watershed characterization, characterization and dynamics of the watercourse; gradually varying flows.
2. Littoral dynamics
Ocean currents; wave generation; transport processes and fluxes between the continental shelf and the deep ocean; pollution sources: outfalls and oil spills; tides.
3. Coastal circulation
Linear wave theory; sea state properties and wave climate; wave reflexion, refraction, diffraction, shoaling and breaking; surf-zone currents.
4. Fluvial and coastal morphodynamics
Coastal processes; cross-shore profiles; alongshore transport; coastline evolution; coastal morphology; physical and numerical modelling.
5. Modelling of water quality
Parameters and water quality processes, analytical model of Streeter-Phelps, simplified model for deep lakes and reservoirs; intrusion; estuarine eutrophication; numerical modelling.
6. Fluvial and coastal structures
Types and functions of structures; design and construction aspects; sensitive zones of the Portuguese coast.
Antunes do Carmo J.S., 2004 (2009, 2nd edition). Hidráulica Fluvial e Ambiente / Fluvial Hydraulics and Environment. Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra (ISBN 972-8704-28-3).
CIRIA (1996). Beach Management Manual, Report 153 (ISBN 0-86017 438 7).
CIRIA (2002). Manual on Scour at Bridges and Other Hydraulic Structures (ISBN 0-86017 551 0).
Chadwick, A. & Morfett, J. (1994). Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2nd edition, E & FN Spon (ISBN 0 419 18160 1).
LNEC 1977). Obras de protecção costeira. Seminário 210, LNEC, Lisboa, Reimpressão em 1989.
oPEN university course team, The Open University (2001). Waves, Tides and Shallow-water processes.
Reeve, D., Chadwick, A. & Fleming, C. (2004). Coastal Engineering: processes, theory and design practice. Spon Press, London (ISBN: 0-415-26841-9).
USACE (1992). Engineering and design – Coastal Littoral Transport. Engineer Manual No. 1110-2-1502, Washington.
USACE - WES (2004). CEM - Coastal Engineering Manual (CEM 2.01 PE), Very-Tech. Inc.