Earthworks and Soil Consolidation

Academic year
Subject Area
Geological and Mining Engineering
Language of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
2nd Cycle Studies - Mestrado

Recommended Prerequisites

 Knowledge of  Engineering Geology and Soil Mechanics. 

Teaching Methods

Lectures with exposure of the subject to be taught.
- Classes for silving problems involving the earthworks and soil compaction.
- Visits to ongoing works which were designed / applied techniques in order to improve the characteristics of soil/rocks/rock masses (slopes and underground works) and foundation (dams, consolidation and waterproofing curtains).

Learning Outcomes

Each student should carry out  detailed knowledge about:
- Design and construction of earthworks;
- Improving the characteristics of the soils and rocks/rock masses.

Work Placement(s)



Earthworks: definition, project specifications of roadworks. Landfill: structure; stability; classification of landfills and materials. Earthmoving machinery. Construction methods. Remove with mechanical means and explosives. Quality control: field and laboratory. Manufacture and application of aggregates; local research. Contract works construction charge: Roads; earth and rockfill dams.

Rockbolts and anchorages.
Geotextiles: definition; classification; properties; functions; applications; design methods; specifications. Water as geotechnical condition: hydrogeological characterization for engineering works; pumping; surface and deep drainage. Preload and vertical drains. Electro-osmose.Vibrocompaction. Vibrosubstitution. Dynamic compaction. Diaphragm walls. Thin curtains. Injections. Jet grouting. Reinforced earth. Containment and reinforcement.

Head Lecturer(s)

Mário de Oliveira Quinta Ferreira

Assessment Methods

Project: 10.0%
Laboratory work or Field work: 10.0%
Synthesis work: 10.0%
Exam: 70.0%


- Santa, Vítor Bruno Bodas (2010) – Contrôle de Qualidade de Ancoragens Passivas e Activas. Tese de Mestrado, IST.

- Gama, Pedro Samuel Santos (2012) – Injeção de caldas de cimento em fundações rochosas de barragens: Revisão crítica de metodologias. Tese de mestrado, UNL.

-Cadernos de encargos de projecto e de construção (EP; Brisa; CP).

- Guide Technique – Réalisation des remblais et des couches de forme, Fascicule I e II: LCPC/SETRA, 1992.

- Moseley, M.P. and Kirsch, K. (2004) – “Ground Improvement”. Spon Press, 431 p.

- Ribeiro, Simão Pedro Tavares (2008) – Terraplenagem. Metodologia e Técnicas de Compactação. Tese de Mestrado, FEUP.

- Sousa e Castro, Ana Rita (2008) – Manual de Instruções Referente às Terraplenagens em Vias de Comunicação. Tese de Mestrado, FEUP, Vol. I.

- Sousa e Castro, Ana Rita (2008) – Elaboração da Proposta de um Caderno de Encargos Referente às Terraplenagens em Vias de Comunicação. Tese de Mestrado, FEUP, Vol. II.

- Rodrigues de Carvalho, Mariana dos Anjos