Theoretical classes, field classes and laboratory practicals. Classes are given in modules. Practicals parallel with lectures. Lectures given in powerpoint presentations. Internet surveys on certain matters in discussion. Scientific articles discussion. Discussion about Bioremediation themes and applications. Tutorials and classes for the Project preparation to be presented.
This curricular unit aims that the student gets the practical and theoretical knowledge in the area of environmental rehabilitation, using bioremediation as the ultimate tool in ecological restoration.
1. To know and use bioremediation principles and concepts.
2. To analyze, synthesize and process information related to bioremediation, understanding methodologies and field and lab techniques.
3. To perform field and lab work, responsibly and safely, adopting attitudes that envisage the implementation of techniques of risk analysis and bioremediation technologies. To project bioremediation programs in degraded areas.
4. To prepare, process, interpret and communicate information about bioremediation and its case reports, using adequate bibliographic references, consistent and coherent language/speech and proper analytical tools
5. To be autonomous in terms of self-learning and meta-cognition.
1.Bioremediation key concepts. Bioremediation applications to contaminated soils and waters.
2.Heavy metals and organic contaminants. General mechanisms of heavy metals and organic compounds accumulation. Biological mechanisms of detoxification in procariots and eucariots. Chelating compounds. Protein production in response to heavy metals. Phytochelatins and metallothioneins. Metallothioneins in the biological organisms.
3.Bioremediation agentes. Case studies.
4.Phytoremediation. Phytoextraction, phytodegradation, rizofiltration, phytostabilisation and assisted phytoremediation. Examples and case studies.
5.Importance of mycorrhizas and fungi (white rot fungi) in bioremediation. Interactions between fungi and heavy metals. Responses of fungi to heavy metals.
6.Tolerance and resistance to metals. Genetic architecture of metal tolerance.
7.Bioremediation in Portugal: examples and case studies.
8.Natural metals contaminated areas in Portugal: ecological importance.
António Manuel Santos Carriço Portugal
Newman E (2000). Applied Ecology and Environmental Management. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK. pp. 416.
Prasad MNV (2001). Metals in the environment. Analysis by biodiversity. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York. pp 487.
Roberts BA and Proctor J (1992). The ecology of areas with serpentinized rocks. A world view. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. pp. 427.
Gadd GM (2001). Fungi in Bioremediation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 481.