Plant physiology, genetics.
Intensive course of two weeks with theoretical and practical classes. In the practical classes some cases studies are introduced by researchers of the Plant Pathology lab (FITOLAB) based on Instituto Pedro Nunes.
Plant pathology was born of the need to mitigate impacts of diseases affecting agronomic crops, a mission that remains central to the rationale for this discipline. Global movement of pathogens, changes in cultivars and crop production practices, and diminished availability of chemical treatment options provide ample opportunities for the emergence of new diseases and the reemergence of problems previously controlled. The science of plant pathology can be introduced in a way that emphasizes opportunities for fruitful exploration of concepts central to the biological sciences. Thus, plant pathology is more than a problem-solving discipline and cannot be reduced to a checklist of pathogens and their characteristics. In this sense, the central aim of the Plant Pathology course is to deepen the knowledge on the evolution of the plant/parasite relation to better understand the host/parasite dynamics.
Theoretical: 1. Introduction to plant pathology; 2. Interactions plant-pathogen in the era of the genomics; 3. Co-evolution of the plant-parasite relation; 4. How parasites attack the plants and how plants defend against parasites; 5. The effect of parasites on the plant physiology; 6. Epidemiological models of invasion and persistance of parasites; 7. Management of suppressive soils; 8. Control of diseases: the importance of diagnosis networks. Practical: 1. Parasitism and disease development; 2. Diseases caused by fungi; 3. Diseases caused by bacteria; 4. Diseases caused by virus; 5. Diseases caused by plant parasites; 6. Diseases caused by neamtodes.
Maria Cristina Amaral Penas Nabais dos Santos
Resolution Problems: 40.0%
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Sinclair WA & Lyon HH (2005) Diseases of Trees and Shrubs. 2ª edição. Cornell University Press. 660 pp.
Brown JKM & Tellier A (2011) Plant-Parasite Coevolution: Bridging the Gap between Genetics and Ecology. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 49: 345-367
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