Materials for Bioengineering

Academic year
Subject Area
Biomedical Engineering
Language of Instruction
Other Languages of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
2nd Cycle Studies - Mestrado

Recommended Prerequisites


Teaching Methods

Teaching methods: theoretical classes of subjects exposition with discussion of the essential points and theoretical-practical classes, where the applications of each of the types of materials used in the manufacture of biocomponents are evidenced, complemented by the use of calculation methods for problem solving .

Tutorial: follow-up of the synthesis work to be done by the students.


The knowledge assessment tests are the following:

- Frequencies, in a total of 4, during the semester (80%)

- Synthesis written work and oral defense (20%)

- Final exam (100%)

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge of the different materials used in engineering is one of the main specific skills required for an engineer. In order to be able to intervene in the production and processing of materials as well as in the conception and development of bioengineering projects, the biomedical engineer must have comprehensive knowledge not only about the nature of the different types of materials, but also a precise and quantitative knowledge of the properties of each material. This discipline aims to provide expertise on structure / properties / processing / performance of various materials, emphasizing the biomedical applications.

Work Placement(s)



Module I - Engineering Materials


Atomic structure and bonding. Crystalline and amorphous materials


Imperfections and diffusion in solids.

II. Bioengineering Materials

Metallic Alloys

Ti, Mg and Co alloys; Shape memory alloys; Stainless steels; Phase diagrams; Mechanical properties; Bioapplications and Processing.

 Non-Metallic Materials

Ceramics and Glasses; Classification; Bioinert, bioactive and biodegradable types; The calcium phosphate; Mechanical properties; Bioapplications and Ceramic Forming.

Polymers; Molecular characteristics; Main thermoplastic and thermosets types; Transition temperatures; Mechanical properties; Bioapplications and Processing.

Composites; Matrix and reinforcement types; Classification; Nanocomposites; Mechanical response; Bioapplications and Processing.

Assessment Methods

Final assessment
Exam: 100.0%

Continuous assessment
Synthesis work: 20.0%
Mini Tests: 80.0%


William D. Callister, Jr., Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering; John Wiley & Sons, 2001.

W.F. Smith, Princípios de Ciência e Engenharia dos Materiais, McGraw-Hill, 1998.

J. S. Temenoff, A. G. Mikos, Biomaterials, Pearson International Edition, 2008.

C. Leyens, M. Peters, Titanium and Titanium Alloys, Wiley-VCH, 2003.

R.W.K. Honeycombe, H.K.D. H. Badeshia, Stells - Microstructure and Properties, 2nd Edition, Adward Arnold, 1995.

J. A. Helsen, H. J. Breme, Metals as Biomaterials, Wiley, 1998.

Sanjay K. Mazumdar, Composite Manufacturing,CRC PRESS, 2001.

Rajiv Asthana, Ashok Kumar, Narendra B. Dahotre, Materials Processing and Manufacturing Science, Elsevier Science & Technology Books, 2005.