Linear Algebra and Analytic Geometry I.
Theoretical-practical classes are mainly expository and include examples and exercises to apply the material being taught. These activities are mainly centered on the teacher.
In practical classes students are given exercises and examples which should be worked on during classes with the help of the teacher.
Extensive tutorial time is offered to students to solve their difficulties with the theory and to help them with homework assignments and preparation for the exams.
The main goal of this curricular unit is to teach students to work with abstract vector spaces (finite and infinite dimensional) and linear maps. In this curricular unit, students are introduced to infinte dimensional vector spaces. The generalization to infinite dimensional vector spaces of results studied in ALGA I will play a fundamental role in the development of the mathematical abstraction skills required to a student of an undergraduate course in Mathematics.
The main skills students are expected to develop are: knowledge of mathematical results; ability for generalization and abstraction; ability to formulate and solve mathematical problems; logical reasoning; correct mathematical writing; individual initiative; researching capacity; autonomous learning ability; independent thinking; communication skills.
1. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Matrix diagonalization. Similarity of matrices. Diagonalization of real symmetric matrices. Conics and quadrics.
3. Vector spaces: subspaces; linear independence; bases and dimension; change of basis matrix.
4. Linear maps. Kernel and image. Isomorphisms. Matrix of a linear map. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a linear map.
5. Real inner product vector spaces. Orthogonal projection. Applications.
Cristina Helena de Matos Caldeira
Approval in this course unit requires to score at least 10 (out of 20). The students that perform, along the semester, the mid-term exams and the tests may be exempted from final examination. The sum of percentages corresponding to these two components is 100%. The other students have to be evaluated at the end of the semester through a written examination (exam). : 100.0%
A. P. Santana, J. F. Queiró, Introdução à Álgebra Linear, 2010