The students should have attended a course in Population and Community Ecology, General Ecology or similar; students should have basic knowledge of English
Intensive course of two weeks with theoreticaland practical classes. Power point presentations. The laboratorial work will be developped in group or singly. Field trips to disturbed areas will provide the oportunity to perform practical exercices. Study visits will occur whenever possible.
In this curricular unit, the students will get insight into the concept of disturbed water courses focusing their attention on hydrological, structural and functional features. They will be exposed to the main causes of stream ecosystem degradation, namely antropogenic, getting insights into the general and specific consequences of such perturbations; environmental, social and economical implications will be considered. Students will identify the protagonists and will understand the processes operating in undisturbed vs. impacted fluvial systems. They will acquire the knowhow to choose and apply the existent techniques and approaches for the evaluation of the ecological status of the water courses as well as to propose the recovery/mitigation measures to be applied in water courses under specific or multiple stressors.
1. Introduction: backgrounds on stream ecology
2. Disturbed streams: main causes and related effects
Defining disturbed stream.
Streams affected by local or diffuse pollution
Streams affected by changes of land use in the catchment – floodplain – riparian areas:
Impact assessment procedures.
In situ and laboratory tests to evaluate biota responses to stress
Importance of biodiversity in water courses affected by single and multiple stresses
Consequences of global change on disturbed streams
Case study and new approaches on global patterns of stress
3. Streams management
Basis and types of stream rehabilitation: scope and scale
Concepts of rehabilitation, recovery and restoration
Stream, riparian area and watershed management.
Water Frame Directive.
Human activities and watershed ecology: the need of a commitment.
Cristina Maria Moreira Monteiro Leal Canhoto
Laboratory work or Field work: 30.0%
• Naiman, R.J. & Bilby, R.E. 1998. River Ecology and Management: lessons from the Pacific Coastal Ecoregion, Springer, 705p
• Naiman, R.J., Décamps H. & McClain, M.E. 2005. Riparia. Ecology, conservation, and managementof streamside communities. Elsevier, 430p
• Young, R.A. & Giese, R.L. 2003. Introduction to Forest Ecosystem Science and Management. Wiley, 560p
Key recent papers in the ecological literature (variable from year to year)
• Allan, J.D., Castillo, M.M. 2007. Stream Ecology. Structure and Function of Running Waters. Kluwer, 465p
• Bärlocher, F. 1992. The ecology of aquatic hyphomycetes. Ecol. Stud. 94. Springer, 225p
• Cortes, R.M.V. Requalificação de cursos de água. 2006. INAG, 135p
• Gordon N.D., McMahon, T.A., Finlayson, B.L., Gippel, C.J. & Nathan, R.J. 2004. Stream Hydrology. An Introduction for Ecologists. Wiley& Sons, 429p
• Graca M.A.S., Bärlocher F., Gessner M.O. 2005. Methods to Study Litter Decomposition. A Practical Guide. Springer, 329 p