Physics and Chemistry A (high school)
Theoretical classes comprising detailed exposition, using audiovisual media, of basic concepts of atomic-molecular structure and chemical changes, set out in the course syllabus.
Theoretical-practical classes, focusing specific points and practical applications of the basic concepts covered in theoretical classes. Under the teachers´ guidance, students will solve exercises on each lectured theme.
Promote basic training in chemistry to disciplines downstream in the course and for future activity of the civil engineer, through the review, extension and application of fundamental concepts both on atomic-molecular structure and chemical transformations, in an interactive way.
It is intended that students develop skills regarding the interpretation and prediction of macroscopic phenomena (properties and transformations of materials), in the light of the atomic-molecular structure of matter.
1. Solids, liquids, gases: structure and properties
Structural units: atom, molecule, ion.
Periodic table of elements. Electronegativity. Atomic and ionic radii. Ionization energy.
Chemical bonding: covalent, ionic, metallic. Binding energy. Energy network.
Change in physical state: intermolecular interactions.
Properties of liquids: surface tension, capillarity, viscosity.
Crystalline solids, unit cells, packing. Types of crystals.
Amorphous solids. Glass: composition vs. properties.
Gas laws. Ideal gas equation. Kinetic-molecular theory of gases. Real gases.
Organic compounds: functional groups.
Polymeric materials. Polymerization.
Metals and alloys.
2. Chemical reactions: transformations
Stoichiometric calculations and yield of reactions.
Conversions and exchanges of energy and the 1st Law of Thermodynamics.
Changes in entropy and 2nd Law of Thermodynamics.
Reactions of acids and bases.
Reactions of poorly soluble salts.
Reactions of oxidation – reduction.
Luís Alberto Esteves Batista de Carvalho
Student's written answers: 20.0%
“Química”, R. Chang (Ed. McGraw Hill, 8ª edição): Livro de texto de referência
“Química, Princípios e Aplicações”, Reger, Goode, Mercer (Ed. F. Gulbenkian)
“Chemical Principles”, P. Atkins & L. Jones (Ed. W.H.Freeman)
“Chemistry”, S.S. Zumdahl (Ed. Houghton Miffin)
“Princípios de Ciência e Engenharia dos Materiais”,William F.Smith (Ed. McGrawHill)
“Química Geral”, J.B. Russel (Ed. McGraw Hill)
“Química Geral: Conceitos Essenciais”, R. Chang (Ed. McGraw Hill)