General Chemistry I and II or equivalent courses.
The teaching methods of theoretical and practical classes aim to global learning discipline.
Each student will conduct an individual work of literature based on a topic of current interest, using the Internet as a source of updated information and seeking other appropriate sources of information and analyze a scientific paper which will be presented orally.
The aim of this course is to get training in an area of great practical importance, with emphasis on the parts of the chemical quality and water treatment, to know and be able to interpret some legislation.
Skills developed: understanding and use of concepts in chemistry, application of knowledge; to know adequately communicate the knowledge acquired and to interpret data critically as well as legislation.
Water quality: definitions, characteristics and perspectives
Physical and chemical characteristics
Total dissolved solids. Conductivity. pH. Alkalinity. Hardness. Organic content. Biochemical oxygen demand
Chemical oxygen demand. Total organic carbon
Standards of water quality. Definition of water quality on the basis of its main uses. Portuguese standards of water quality. EU rules relating to water quality
Treatment of drinking water
General characteristics of natural waters
Quality of public water supply. General quality
Water for industrial use
General principles for defining treatment regimens
Coagulation / flocculation
Sedimentation type I, type II and type III
Disinfection: chlorination ozonolysis and other processes
Adsorption and membrane technologies
Advanced oxidation methods.
Maria Emília Dias Gonçalves Azenha Lapo
Laboratory work or Field work: 10.0%
Synthesis work: 30.0%
RICHTER, Carlos A.; NETTO, José M. de Azevedo (2003). Tratamento de Água. 5ª Ed. S. Paulo: Ed. Edgard Blucher Ltda.
GRAY,N.F. (2005) Water Technology An introduction for environmental scientists and engineers. 2ª Ed Oxford Elsevier Butterworth H
OLIVEIRA, J.F. Santos; MENDES, Benilde (2004). Qualidade da água para consumo humano. Lidel.