Academic year
Subject Area
Área Científica do Menor
Language of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
1st Cycle Studies

Recommended Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of mathematics, physics and chemistry.

Teaching Methods

Theorectical and practical classroom teaching: application of theoretical knowledge to practical problems through the collection and analysis of hydrogeological information, using appropriate methodologies and techniques.

Fieldwork: groups of students plan and execute the field work.

Project: written work where the students use self-learning skills.

Learning Outcomes

The course aims to:

1. increase the awareness of students to the problems of water in Earth and for the knowledge of hydrogeology;

2. offer basic training in hydrodynamics and hydrochemistry of natural porous media for the hydrogeological characterization and classification of rock formations and water bodies;

3. provide knowledge of the surface water and the groundwater resources in Portugal.

Skills to develop:

• Instrumental: competence in analysis and synthesis, skills to solve problems, competence in oral and written communication, computer knowledge concerning the scope of the study.

• Personal: competence in critical thinking and competence in working in interdisciplinary teams.

• Systemic: competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice, competence in planning and managing, concern for quality, competence in autonomous learning.

Work Placement(s)



1. Water: water in Earth, distribution of the world water supply. Sources of hydrogeological information, working and solving problems.

2. Elements of the hydrologic cycle.

3. Hydrogeological properties of earth materials (physical hydrogeology): porosity, isotropy and homogeneity; aquifers, aquitards and aquicludes, groundwater potencial and hydraulic head; groundwater flow theory.

4. Water chemistry (chemical hydrogeology): chemical composition of groundwater; sequence of hydrochemical evolution of groundwater; groundwater sampling and graphical presentation of hydrochemical data.

5. Environmental isotope hydrogeology: stable isotopes of water; age dating of water; noble gases.

6. Water resources in Portugal.

7. Groundwater investigation techniques.

Head Lecturer(s)

Ana Maria de Aguiar Castilho Ramos Lopes

Assessment Methods

Laboratory work or Field work: 10.0%
Project: 20.0%
Exam: 70.0%


Bibliografia principal (main bibliography):

Fetter, C. W. (2001). Applied Hydrogeology (4th Ed.). London: Pearson Education International.

Hiscock, K. (2005). Hydrogeology. Principles and practice. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Lencastre e F.M. Franco (2003) Lições de Hidrologia (3ª Ed.). Lisboa: Fundação Armando Lencastre, Universidade Nova de Lisboa.

Bibliografia complementar (supplementary bibliography):

Hipólito, J. R. & Vaz, A. C. (2011). Hidrologia e Recursos Hídricos. Lisboa: IST Press.

Custódio, E. e Llamas, M.R. (1983) Hidrologia subterránea. Barcelona: Ed. Omega.

Freeze, A.R. e Cherry, J.A. (1979) Groundwater – New York: Ed. Prentice-Hall.