0

2018-2019

01002629

Área Científica do Menor

Portuguese

Face-to-face

SEMESTRIAL

6.0

Elective

1st Cycle Studies

General Physics I, General Physics II; Mathematical Analysis I, Mathematical Analysis II.

Lectures presenting the main concepts, with the right approach to this unit.

Lectures to discuss and solve problems aiming to connect the studied concepts with practical examples, as thermal machines and estimations of physics quantities specific to the area of Thermodynamics.

Laboratory classes where the students apply the theoretical concepts in simple experiments.

Support of the students individual effort in the search of theoretical and experimental information, and in its systematic analysis.

Expand the knowledge in a fundamental area of science and engineering which is Thermodynamics.

Capacity of search and use of bibliography, to organize a coherent body of information on this area of knowledge.

Capacity of problem solving, including the development of the required mathematical competences.

Capacity to implement, perform and analyze the results of simple experiments related with the unit contents.

Contribution to the increase of general scientific culture, motivating to study other areas where Thermodynamics has important applications.

Competence in information management

Competence in critical reasoning

Competence in practical application of theoretical knowledge

Competence in analysis and synthesis

Attention to quality

Competence in oral and written communication

Knowledge of a foreign language

Competence on problem solving.

1 - Fundamental concepts

Thermodynamic systems and variables. Thermodynamic processes and equilibrium. State equation and internal energy equation.

2 - Law zero

Temperature. Thermal equilibrium. Thermometers and temperature scales. Fixed points. Kelvin scale. Water triple point. Microscopic concept of temperature. Volume expansion and isothermal compressibility coefficients.

3 - First law

Work and heat. Thermal capacities at constant pressure and volume. Enthalpy. Internal energy of perfect gases. Energy equipartition. Heat transfer processes. Phase transitions.

4 - Second law

Cyclic heat machines. Carnot cycle. Entropy. Clausius theorem. Reversible and irreversible cycles. Thermodynamic's fundamental relation. Helmholtz and Gibbs functions. Thermodynamic potentials. Maxwell relations. Principles of maximal entropy and minimal internal energy.

5 - Third law

Formulations of Nernst and Planck.

Carlos Manuel Baptista Fiolhais

Assessment B

*Laboratory work or Field work: 20.0%*

*Frequency: 80.0%*

Assessment A

*Laboratory work or Field work: 20.0%*

*Exam: 80.0%*

1. M.W. Zemansky e R.H. Dittman, "Calor e Termodinâmica" Ed. Guanabara Dois, Rio de Janeiro (1978).

2. F.W. Sears e G. L. Salinger, "Termodinâmica, Teoria cinética e Termodinâmica Estatística" Ed. Guanabara Dois, Rio de Janeiro (1978).

3. J. Guémez, C. Fiolhais e M. Fiolhais, "Fundamentos de Termodinâmica do Equilíbrio", Serviço de Educação da Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (1998), Lisboa.