Electromagnetism I

Academic year
Subject Area
Área Científica do Menor
Language of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
1st Cycle Studies

Recommended Prerequisites

General Physics I, General Physics II, Mathematical Analysis I, Mathematical Analysis II.

Teaching Methods

Classes for presentation of the essential concepts with the reflection on the way these concepts were established. Classes for discussion/resolution of problems related to practical situations, orders of magnitude, estimates on the physical quantities concerning the electromagnetism. Laboratory classes to perform some experiments to illustrate essential concepts of electromagnetism. Support to students’ individual work so that they can develop a work of information collection, analysis of that information and elaboration of their own notes on the subjects approached in this curricular unit.

Learning Outcomes

Deepening of the knowledge in an essential field of physics: electromagnetism.
Ability to search and use bibliography, organizing a consistent amount of information regarding the mentioned field.
Ability to solve problems, including the development of mathematical competences appropriate for this purpose.
Ability to implement simple experiments concerning the contents of the curricular unit.
Contribution to the growth of general culture regarding physics and for the knowledge of multiple applications of electromagnetism to modern societies.

Generic competences:
Competences in analysis and summary.
Competences in organization and planning.
Competences in oral and written communication.
Competences in group work.
Competences in critical thinking.
Competences to communicate with people who are not specialists in this field.
Adaptability to new situations.
Concern with quality.
Competences to apply the theoretical knowledge in pratice.

Work Placement(s)



1. Electrostatic field: Gauss’s law; electric field and electric potential; local equations of the electrostatic field and boundary conditions. Poisson and Laplace equations. Energy stored in the electric field.
2. Fields in dielectric media; classification of the dielectrics.
3. Magnetic field: Ampère’s law. Magnetic flux and Gauss’s law for the magnetic field. Local equations and boundary conditions for the magnetic field. Mutual and self-inductance. Energy stored in the magnetic field. Lorentz force and its applications.
4. Fields in magnetic media; behaviour of the various magnetic materials.
5. Electromagnetic induction: Faraday and Lenz’s laws. Maxwell equations. Wave equations for the electric and magnetic fields; unification of electromagnetism and optics. Poynting’s Theorem. Hertz experiment.
6. Transition regimes and stationary regimes in different types of circuits; oscillating circuits; analysis of circuits with alternating voltage sources.

Head Lecturer(s)

José Lopes Pinto da Cunha

Assessment Methods

Resolution Problems: 5.0%
Laboratory work or Field work: 20.0%
Exam: 75.0%


Griffiths, D. J., Introduction to Electrodynamics. 3rd ed. Prentice Hall International, Inc., New Jersey, 1999.

Brito, L., Fiolhais, M. e Providência, C., Campo Electromagnético, Ed. McGraw-Hill de Portugal, 1999.

Henriques, A. B. e Romão, J. C., Electromagnetismo, IST Press, Lisboa, 2006.

Feynman, R. P., Leigton, R. B. e Sands, M., The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. 2, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1977.

Lorrain, P., Corson, D. e Lorrain, F., Campos e Ondas Electromagnéticas, Ed. Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisboa, 2000.

Wangsness, R. K., Electromagnetic Fields. 2nd ed.,  John Wiley & Sons, Nova Iorque, 1979.