The unit consists of theoretical-practical classes, based on presentation and discussion of the themes of the syllabus. The classes aim to frame the conceptual and instrumental program content, as well as promoting collective discussion by providing for reading a set of texts from sociology. For some of them classes will count with the presence of experts or professionals, either as lecturers either or as commentators. Is encouraged the oral presentation of subjects by the students under the supervision and based on the syllabus bibliography.
The unit of Rural and Urban Sociology discusses the changes and developments in relations between rural and urban worlds as well as to promote a discussion about the current relevance and scope of the two concepts in the field of sociology and also relate them to the problems of space and environment.
Students should be able a) to reference and discuss the sociological problems of rurality and urbanity; b) aknowledge the specific dimensions that shape urban realities and rural realities; c) to characterize the different movements (urbanization, peri-urbanization, rurbanization, etc.) which govern the evolution of rural and urban categories and d) to identify the persistence of rurality in urban areas and of urban phenomena in the countryside as well as the emergence of new phenomena (urban agriculture, second homes, etc.) that make the rural / urban relation particularly complex.
I - The urban-rural distinction in sociological thought - aims to introduce the sociological problems of the distinction between "rural" and "urban" and to evaluate the timeliness and relevance of this distinction, based on the analysis of the theoretical foundations that support it. For this, we discuss the founding arguments of the distinction and we discuss their validity in the context of contemporary societies.
II - The "rural" as an object of study. The currents, the contents and methods of Rural Sociology - seeks to introduce the student into the main currents of the sociological thinking about rural space and into the more specific and relevant problems in the disciplinary field.
III - The "urban" as an object of study. The current, contents and methods of Urban Sociology - seeks to introduce the student into the main currents of the sociological thinking about social space and urban issues in more specific and relevant disciplinary field, as was setting over time.
Ana Raquel Borges Barros de Matos
students may prepare original essays on selected subjects (up to 3) at the beginning of the semester (75%) plus a final exam (25%). The choice is subject to frequency of at least 75% of classes: 100.0%
1. Mingione, Enzo; Pugliese, Enrico (1987) “A difícil delimitação do ´urbano´ e do ´rural´”. Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais, 22: 83-99.
2. Madureira Pinto, José (1985) “O espaço social rural” in José Madureira Pinto Estruturas sociais e práticas simbólico-ideológicas nos campos (73-91). Porto: Afrontamento.
3. Madureira Pinto, José (1981) “O espaço social rural: especificidades, funções, transformações (quadro sinóptico)”. Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais,7/8: 327-328
4. BAPTISTA, Fernando (2001) Agriculturas e Territórios (cap. 5. “Os caminhos da Agricultura Familiar”). Oeiras: Celta Editora
5. SIMMEL, Georg (1973) A metrópole e a vida mental. In Octávio Velho, O Fenómeno Urbano. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar.