Academic year
Subject Area
Sport Sciences
Language of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
3rd Cycle Studies

Recommended Prerequisites

Theory and research methods.

Teaching Methods

Lectures with systematization of information.

Group discussion of texts selected theme.

Using the Socratic dialogue.

Learning Outcomes

Course that brings out the epistemological reflections that allow you to limit the field of science as practice and as a result of theoretical analysis of scientific discourse as a product of an individual knower and the process of replacement of existing theories with new theoretical constructs resulting from successive approximations of reality.


1. Knowing the epistemological reflections that allow you to limit the field of science and common sense, the analysis of scientific discourse as the product of successive epistemological ruptures and the process of replacement of existing theories with new theoretical constructs.

2. Understanding the complementarity and tensions between natural sciences and social sciences in the development of (s) Science (s) Sports.

3. Deepening on bases specifically philosophical reflection on the body and embodiment.

4. Develop conceptual skills, interpretive, critical and reflective structure capable of participation - philosophically informed - in various contemporary debates which are the subject last frame of the body and embodiment.

Work Placement(s)



Theme I - Scientific knowledge, common sense and theory of scientific knowledge
1 - Science and common sense
a) The formation of the scientific spirit and epistemological obstacles
b) Common sense and evident knowledge
c) The epistemological break with common sense
2 - The objectivity of scientific practice in the social sciences
a) the conditions of objectivity
b) The intersubjective validation of scientific statements
c) The double epistemological break
3 - A (s) Science (s) Sport and the body: between the natural sciences and social sciences
a) natural sciences, positivism, and the principle of explanation
b) The principle of reflexivity and understanding
c) The overcoming of the distinction between nature and society
Theme II - The body and the corporeal
1 - The institution symbolic of the body: a short story elements to the body in the philosophical tradition.
a) The Greeks;
b) In the Middle Ages;
c) The date;
d) The institution symbolic purpose of the physical body;
e) an alternate history of excessive body.
2 - Elements for a Phenomenology of embodied living.
a) The sensations;
b) The conditions and affectivity;
c) the passions;
d) The body and the perceived world.
3 - Modes of appearance of the wild body.
a) The body on the scene.
b) The "scandal" of the sick body.

Head Lecturer(s)

Rui Adelino Machado Gomes

Assessment Methods

Research work: 100.0%


ANDRÉ, J. (2002). As Artes do Corpo e o Corpo como Arte. Philosophica, 19/20, pp. 7-26.

ANDRIEU, B. (2004). Uma Nova Filosofia do Corpo. Ed. Piaget, Lisboa.

BACHELARD, G. (1972). La formation de l’esprit scientifique. J. Vrin, Paris.

BACHELARD, G. (1981). A Epistemologia. Ed. 70, Lisboa.

FERNANDES, António T. (1983). O Conhecimento sociológico. A espiral teórica. Brasília Ed., Porto.

FOUCAULT, M. (1988). As palavras e as coisas. Ed. 70, Lisboa.

GIL, J. (2001). Movimento Total. O Corpo e a Dança. Relógio D’Água, Lisboa.

GODARD, J.-Ch. (2005).  Le corps. J. Vrin, Paris.

KHUN, T. (1989). A tensão essencial. Ed. 70, Lisboa.

LAIN ENTRALGO, P. (1998). Alma, Cuerpo, Persona. Círculo de Lectores, Barcelona.

MERLEAU-PONTY, M. (1994). A Dúvida de Cézanne, (trad. port.). Cadernos A.P.F., 8, pp. 7-33.

MERLEAU-PONTY, M. (1945). Phénoménologie de la perception, Gallimard, Paris (Trad. port. Fenomenologia da Percepção, ed. Martins Fontes, São Paulo).

PEREIRA, Miguel Baptista (2002). Meditação Filosófica e Medicina. Revista Filosófica de Coimbra, nº 21, pp. 3-80.

(Texto integral em http://saavedrafajardo.um.es/BIBLIOTECA/IndicesW.nsf/FCoimbraW2?Openform).

RICHIR, M. (1993). Le corps. Essai sur l’intériorité. Hatier, Paris.

SANTOS, Boaventura S. (1989). Introdução a uma ciência pós-moderna. Ed. Afrontamento, Porto.