Sport Biology

Academic year
Subject Area
Sport Training
Language of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
3rd Cycle Studies

Recommended Prerequisites

Auxology and kinantropometry, General physiology, pediatric physiology. May also be important a minimal knowledge regarding the English language.

Teaching Methods

Initially the classes will assume a plenary format. After this initial approach the students will be exposed to a laboratorial environment.

Learning Outcomes

The course articulates vertically with the contents of Auxology and Kinanthropometry, General Physiology (Bachelor of Science in Sport) and with Auxology and Motor Development, Evaluation and Control of Training (Master of Sports Training), focusing the advanced training in Developmental Biology applied to sport.

Work Placement(s)



[1] Somatic growth, Measurements commonly used in growth studies; growth in stature and body weight; growth of the body mass index; growth patterns in other body dimensions; changes in body proportions. [2] Biological maturation, Concepts; sexual maturity; somatic maturity; assessment of skeletal maturity; Fels method; Tanner-Whitehouse method (mark 3); Greulich-Pyle method; interrelationship between maturity indicators. [3] Timing and sequence of changes during the pubertal period, Adolescence growth spurt in height; growth spurts in other dimensions; growth spurts in performance, [4] Maturity-associated variation in growth and performance, Classification by maturity status; maturity-associated variation related to the following indicators: body size, body composition, adipose tissue distribution, coordination, strength, endurance and anaerobic performance. [5] Determination of skeletal age using the Fels method.

Head Lecturer(s)

António José Barata Figueiredo

Assessment Methods

Synthesis work: 50.0%
Laboratory work or Field work: 50.0%


[1]      Malina RM, Bouchard C & Bar-Or O (2004). Growth, maturation and physical activity. 2nd edition. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics.
[2]      Roche A, & Sun S (2003). Human Growth – Assessment and Interpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[3]      Beunen G, Malina RM (1996). Growth and biological maturation: Relevance to athletic performance. In O. Bar-Or (Ed.). The Child and Adolescent Athlete. Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine. 6: Blackwell Science.
[4]      Rowland T (2004). Children’s Exercise Physiology. 2nd edition. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics.
[5]      Eston R & Reilly T (2001). Kinanthropometry and exercise physiology laboratory manual. 2nd edition. London: Routledge.
[6]       Chumlea, W.C., Roche, A.F., & Thissen, D. (1989). The Fels method of assessing the skeletal maturity of the hand-wrist. American Journal of Human Biology, 1, 175-183.
[7]      Malina, R.M. (2004b). Comparison of TW III and Fels skeletal ages in elite youth soccer players. In Human Growth in Sickness ad in Health. Book of Abstracts of the X International Congress of Auxology. Firenze (Italy), 72.
[8]      Malina, R.M., Chamorro, M., Serratosa, L., & Morate, F. (2007a). TW3 and Fels skeletal ages in elite youth soccer players. Annals of Human Biology, 34(2), 265-272.
[9]       Roche, A., Chumlea, W., & Thissen, D. (1988). Assessing the skeletal maturity of the hand wrist – FELS method. Springfield, Illinois: CC Thomas.