Optimization of Sport Performance

Academic year
Subject Area
Sport Training
Language of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
3rd Cycle Studies

Recommended Prerequisites

Methodology of training.

Exercise physiology.

Biochemistry of exercise.


Teaching Methods

Depending on the modules of the course, contact sessions take a character of a Conference (Module A) or laboratory practice (Modules B and C).

Learning Outcomes

Having attended the course, the students must: [1] Know the advantages and limitations in the use of relevant biological markers related to the training adaptation. [2] Know the potential of non-invasive strategies to control the adaptation to the training load. [3] Know the importance of monitoring the immune system of athletes with relevance to salivary markers. [4] Know different specific protocols for evaluating and monitoring training response to training load in the laboratory and in the sport field. [5] Develop of  a critical analysis of the main topics of research applied to control training identifying misconceptions in the literature, allowing to  identify aspects worthy of further investigation.

Work Placement(s)



[1] Modeling and monitoring of training load in high level athletes.[2]  Importance of the use of biomarkers in training adaptation.[3] Noninvasive techniques for monitoring training adaptation a) Heart Rate Variability (HRV,.b) Control of mood states (POMS), and the perception of fatigue (Cr10Borg).[4] The innate and acquired immunity response to training and competition.[5] The importance of sports equipment in optimal sports performance.[6] Sports equipment and relevant technical factors influencing adjustment of biomechanical and physiological changes in technical sports.[7]Research in sports equipment.[8] Laboratory assessment: preparation of the laboratory and athlete.Quality assurance procedures used in exercise physiology laboratories, pre-test preparation;[9] Determination of maximum power and anaerobic capacity, anaerobic threshold, and maximum oxygen consumption. Protocols, methodologies and controversies.[10]Different physiological assessment protocols in different sports.

Head Lecturer(s)

Luís Manuel Pinto Lopes Rama

Assessment Methods

Work: 100.0%


[1]      Dabnichki P (1999). Biomechanical testing and sport equipment design. Sports Engineering 1 2 93-105.

[2]      Kellmann, M., & Gunther, K. D. (2000). Changes in stress and recovery in elite rowers during preparation for the Olympic Games. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(3), 676-683.
Lopes, R. F., Osiecki, R., & Rama, L.. (2011). Biochemical Markers During and After an Olympic Triathlon Race. Journal of Exercise Physiologyonline, 14.

[3]      Meeusen, R., Nederhof, E., Buyse, L., Roelands, B., De Schutter, G., & Piacentini, M. F. (2008). Diagnosing overtraining in athletes using the two bout exercise protocol. Br J Sports Med, bjsm.2008.049981.

[4]      Rama, L., Alves, F., & Teixeira, A. (2010). Hormonal, Immune, Autonomic and Mood State variation in the initial Preparation phase of a Winter Season in Portuguese Male Swimmers. Paper presented at the XIth International Synposium for Biomechanics and Medicine in Swmming, Oslo.