Geopolitics and Geostrategy I

Academic year
Subject Area
Área Científica do Menor
Language of Instruction
Mode of Delivery
ECTS Credits
1st Cycle Studies

Recommended Prerequisites


Teaching Methods

Lectures of systematization of contents, and seminars, dealing with the analysis and discussion of compulsory readings, practical exercises and in-class debates, on the basis of a dynamic interaction with the students, in order to guarantee an adequate follow-up to the contents of the discipline.

Learning Outcomes

Overall objectives

Introducing students to geopolitics, analyzing the evolution of currents of thought in the field, from classical to critical geopolitics; its aims also at providing for practical applications of these approaches to contemporary international dynamics.

Specific objectives and competences

- identify the main theoretical approaches to geopolitics and their main contribution to reading the international system;

- apply these conceptual frameworks to different contemporary issues;

- critically analyze the relevance and limitations of geopolitics in the current international context. 

Generic competencies

Development of cognitive competences, of comprehension and application of conceptual frameworks, including analysis and synthesis, communicate orally and in writing and information management. Development of systemic skills (ability to apply knowledge to practical cases, the capacity to learn/research, the capacity to work autonomously and a concern with quality).

Work Placement(s)



1Concepts and approaches

1.1Strategy and Geostrategy: from Sun Zu to Clausewitz

1.2.From Political Geography to Geopolitics: Rudof Kjellen

1.3.The determinist and possibilitist approaches: Friedrich Ratzel and Elisée Reclus

2.Classical geopolitics

2.1Theories of national and global power

2.2.The pangermanic approach of the Munich School: Geopolitk

2.3.From maritime power to air power:  Alfred Mahan, Halford Mackinder and Alexander Seversky

2.4.The French School of Geopolitics: from Paul Vidal la Blache to Yves Lacoste

2.5.The Eurasianist Russian School: Alexandr Dugin

2.6.The American School: Samuel Huntington and Zbigniew Brzezinski

3.The New Geopolitics

3.1. The relevance of classical geopolitics

3.2.The transition from classical to critical geopolitics

4.Critical geopolitics

4.1.Mind maps

4.2.Agency in geopolitics

4.3.Espaciality and subjectivity

4.4.Popular geopolitics


4.6.The geopolitics of terrorism: a critical analysis

4.7.The critical geopolitics of Europe.

Head Lecturer(s)

Teresa Paula Almeida Cravo

Assessment Methods

Intermediate tests – 50%+50%: 100.0%


ABREU, Francisco - Estratégia : o grande debate : Sun Tzu e Clausewitz. Nova ed. rev. e ampliada, reimp.. Lisboa : Esfera do Caos, 2006.
BRZEZINSKI, Zbigniew K. - The grand chessboard. New York : Basic Books, 1997.
CORREIA, Pedro Pezarat - Manual de geopolítica e geoestratégia. Coimbra : Edições Almedina : CES, 2010. 2 vol..
FLINT, Colin - Terrorism and counterterrorism : geographic research questions and agendas. The Professional Geographer [Em linha]. Vol. 55, nº 2 (2003), p. 161-169. [acesso via b-on]
GEOPOLITICS (The) reader. Ed. Gearóid Ó Tuathail, Simon Dalby and Paul Routledge. London : Routledge, 1998.
 SCOTT, James Wesley - Reflections on EU geopolitics : consolidation, neighbourhood and civil society in the reordering of european space. Geopolitics [Em linha]. Vol. 16, nº 1 (2011), p. 146-175. . [acesso via b-on]
TOMÉ, Luís Leitão - Novo recorte geopolítico mundial. Lisboa : Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa Editora, 2004.