# Fundamental Mathematics

Year
1
2013-2014
Code
01007577
Subject Area
Mathematics and Statistics
Language of Instruction
Portuguese
Mode of Delivery
Face-to-face
Duration
SEMESTRIAL
ECTS Credits
6.0
Type
Compulsory
Level
1st Cycle Studies

## Recommended Prerequisites

Mathematics of  the 9.th Level of Scholarity

## Teaching Methods

The classes are of  theoretical and of  theoretical-practical  type. So they are of expository nature and  include examples and exercises that lead the students to understanding and applying the material being taught.  The classes are, as far as possible, dynamic, in the sense that the theoretical presentation are followed by resolution of exercises.

Autonomous work is encouraged, purposing problems for reflection/resolution at home. Tutorial support will be available,  including guidance to solve the proposed problems.

## Learning Outcomes

The main goal of the course is to introduce some fundamental concepts of mathematics useful for the development of a scientific basis of digital technology and design. Is intended that the student learns some of  the skills necessary for the mathematical manipulation of geometry and the description of statistical data.

It is important  that the student interprets concepts from the geometrical point of  view, more technical treatment of  data is out of  the range of  the course.

The course aims at developing the following skills: analysis and synthesis, organization and planning, oral and written communication, problem-solving skills. On the personal level it also allows to develop self-learning skills and independent thinking.

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## Syllabus

1. Introduction (the Pythagoras Theorem, the summation symbol, etc.).

2. Trigonometry.

2.1. Trigonometric functions.

2.2. Operations with trigonometric functions.

3. Introduction to the study of functions and curves, including parametrization. Introduction to continuity  and derivatives.

4. Introduction to matrices.

4.1. Matrices. Definition and basic operations.

4.2. Special classes of matrices.

4.3 Determinants and inverse matrices.

5. Vectorial calculus and Transformation geometry

5.1. Vectors. Definition and basic operations.

5.2. Inner product and vectorial product of vectors

5.3. Lines and planes

5.4 Transformation Geometry

6. Descriptive Statistics

6.1. Introduction and summary of basic notions (sample, bar chart, histogram, measures of central tendency...)

6.2 . Measures of statistical dispersion

6.3 . Notions of probability and distribution, geometrical characterizations

Maria do Céu Marques Pinto

## Assessment Methods

Assessment
Continuous Evaluation made along the Semester composed by several items (totalizing 100%) in which the student obtains the approval with 47,5% and doesn’t need to do a final Exam. Approval may, also, be obtained in a Final Exam with value equal to 100%.: 100.0%

## Bibliography

Iniciação ao Estudo das Funções Reais de Variável Real, Luiz Sanchez (com a colaboração de Maria Luísa Mascarenhas),

Projecto REANIMAT (Faculdade de Ciências da Univ. Lisboa/Fundação Gulbenkian)

http://www.ptmat.fc.ul.pt/~armac/Reanimat/materias10.htm

- Cálculo, 5ª ed., James Stewart, Pioneira Thomson Learning, 2006

- Introdução à Álgebra Linear e Geometria Analítica, A.P. Santana, J.F. Queiró, Gradiva, Lisboa, 2010

- Algebra and Trigonometry, Cynthia Young, 2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2010

- Curso de Geometria, P. V. Araújo, Colecção Trajectos Ciência, Gradiva, 1998

- Isometrias, E. E. Lima, Isometrias, Colecção do Professor de Matemática, Sociedade Brasileira de Matemática, 1996

- Geometry, 2nd edition, S. Lang, G. Murrow, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988

- Introduction to the Practice of Statistics, D. S. Moore, G. P. McCabe, W.H. Freeman and Company, 2003

- Manuais do Ensino Básico e do Ensino Secundário / Handbooks of High School